Conjuntos de datos ecogeográficos

En ésta sección encontrará los vínculos para descargar los archivos .tif de las capas de información ecogeográfica ajustadas para poder ser utilizadas por las herramientas CAPFITOGEN versión 2.0 y CAPFITOGEN3. Se trata de conjuntos de datos cortados y ajustados para 165 países y cuatro regiones (Suramérica, Mesoamérica, SADC y cobertura global-world). Los datos corresponden a capas/mapas ráster (información dispuesta en cuadrículas) de 1×1, 5×5, 10×10 y/o 20×20 km de lado (resoluciones de capa/mapa). Para cada país o región puede cambiar las resoluciones, dependiendo especialmente de su extensión: países o regiones grandes las resoluciones suelen ser menor (5×5, 10×10 o 20×20), para los países medios a pequeños las resoluciones disponibles suelen ser mayores (1×1 y 5×5). Las capas se pueden descargar desde aquí:

https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/13AFs_odoRhV4FaE4Nk-D2-oPie4XQ6UI?usp=sharing

A través de este link, el usuario ingresa a la carpeta compartida “rdatamaps” en Google drive, busca el país o región, la resolución requerida y las capas que se desee descargar para su trabajo. Para el caso de los usuarios de CAPFITOGEN3 modo local, las capas descargadas deben ser ubicadas en la carpeta “rdatamaps” (CAPFITOGEN3/rdatamaps), conservando la misma estructura que tiene la información en la carpeta compartida de Google Drive, así:

radatamaps/nombre_país-región/resolucion/capa.tif

Por ejemplo, si se requiere usar la variable “Temperatura media anual” para Argentina con una resolución 5×5 km, se debe buscar en la carpeta de Google Drive, descargar y luego ubicar la capa así:

CAPFITOGEN3/rdatamaps/argentina/5×5/bio_1.tif

A diferencia de como se realizaba este proceso antes, la descarga se puede hacer capa a capa o carpeta a carpeta (esta última opción requiere que Google Drive realice una compresión y puede tomar un tiempo considerable). Las 177 capas de información disponibles para CAPFITOGEN se observan en la tabla a continuación(así como también en el archivo Variables names – Nombres de variables.xlsx, con una descripción más completa):

ID CODE DESCRIPTION SOURCE COMPONENT
1 alt Elevation. Meters above the sea level Worldclim Geophysic
2 aspect Aspect (degree) of the land. 0 and 359 degrees correspond to north. DEM from SRTM Geophysic
3 bio_1 Annual Mean Temperature Worldclim Bioclimatic
4 bio_10 Mean Temperature of Warmest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
5 bio_11 Mean Temperature of Coldest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
6 bio_12 Annual Precipitation Worldclim Bioclimatic
7 bio_13 Precipitation of Wettest Month Worldclim Bioclimatic
8 bio_14 Precipitation of Driest Month Worldclim Bioclimatic
9 bio_15 Precipitation Seasonality (Coefficient of Variation) Worldclim Bioclimatic
10 bio_16 Precipitation of Wettest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
11 bio_17 Precipitation of Driest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
12 bio_18 Precipitation of Warmest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
13 bio_19 Precipitation of Coldest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
14 bio_2 Mean Diurnal Range (Mean of monthly (max temp – min temp)) Worldclim Bioclimatic
15 bio_3 Isothermality (BIO2/BIO7) (* 100) Worldclim Bioclimatic
16 bio_4 Temperature Seasonality (standard deviation *100) Worldclim Bioclimatic
17 bio_5 Max Temperature of Warmest Month Worldclim Bioclimatic
18 bio_6 Min Temperature of Coldest Month Worldclim Bioclimatic
19 bio_7 Temperature Annual Range (BIO5-BIO6) Worldclim Bioclimatic
20 bio_8 Mean Temperature of Wettest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
21 bio_9 Mean Temperature of Driest Quarter Worldclim Bioclimatic
22 eastness Eastness Derived from DEM Geophysic
23 northness Northness Derived from DEM Geophysic
24 prec_1 Precipitation January Worldclim Bioclimatic
25 prec_10 Precipitation October Worldclim Bioclimatic
26 prec_11 Precipitation November Worldclim Bioclimatic
27 prec_12 Precipitation December Worldclim Bioclimatic
28 prec_2 Precipitation February Worldclim Bioclimatic
29 prec_3 Precipitation March Worldclim Bioclimatic
30 prec_4 Precipitation April Worldclim Bioclimatic
31 prec_5 Precipitation May Worldclim Bioclimatic
32 prec_6 Precipitation June Worldclim Bioclimatic
33 prec_7 Precipitation July Worldclim Bioclimatic
34 prec_8 Precipitation August Worldclim Bioclimatic
35 prec_9 Precipitation September Worldclim Bioclimatic
36 ref_depth Reference depth of the soil unit HWS Database Edaphic
37 s_bs Subsoil Base Saturation HWS Database Edaphic
38 s_caco3 Subsoil Calcium Carbonate HWS Database Edaphic
39 s_caso4 Subsoil Gypsum HWS Database Edaphic
40 s_cec_clay Subsoil CEC (clay) HWS Database Edaphic
41 s_cec_soil Subsoil CEC (soil) HWS Database Edaphic
42 s_clay Subsoil Clay Fraction HWS Database Edaphic
43 s_ece Subsoil Salinity HWS Database Edaphic
44 s_esp Subsoil Sodicity HWS Database Edaphic
45 s_gravel Subsoil Gravel Content HWS Database Edaphic
46 s_oc Subsoil Organic Carbon HWS Database Edaphic
47 s_ph_h2o Subsoil pH (H2O) HWS Database Edaphic
48 s_ref_bulk Subsoil Reference Bulk Density HWS Database Edaphic
49 s_sand Subsoil Sand Fraction HWS Database Edaphic
50 s_silt Subsoil Silt Fraction HWS Database Edaphic
51 s_teb Subsoil total exchangeable bases HWS Database Edaphic
52 slope Slope (in degrees) of the land surface Derived from DEM Geophysic
53 t_bs Topsoil Base Saturation HWS Database Edaphic
54 t_caco3 Topsoil Calcium Carbonate HWS Database Edaphic
55 t_caso4 Topsoil Gypsum HWS Database Edaphic
56 t_cec_clay Topsoil CEC (clay) HWS Database Edaphic
57 t_cec_soil Topsoil CEC (soil) HWS Database Edaphic
58 t_clay Topsoil Clay Fraction HWS Database Edaphic
59 t_ece Topsoil Salinity HWS Database Edaphic
60 t_esp Topsoil Sodicity HWS Database Edaphic
61 t_gravel Topsoil Gravel Content HWS Database Edaphic
62 t_oc Topsoil Organic Carbon HWS Database Edaphic
63 t_ph_h2o Topsoil pH (H2O) HWS Database Edaphic
64 t_ref_bulk Topsoil Reference Bulk Density HWS Database Edaphic
65 t_sand Topsoil Sand Fraction HWS Database Edaphic
66 t_silt Topsoil Silt Fraction HWS Database Edaphic
67 t_teb Topsoil total exchangeable bases HWS Database Edaphic
68 tmax_1 Maximum temperature January Worldclim Bioclimatic
69 tmax_10 Maximum temperature October Worldclim Bioclimatic
70 tmax_11 Maximum temperature November Worldclim Bioclimatic
71 tmax_12 Maximum temperature December Worldclim Bioclimatic
72 tmax_2 Maximum temperature February Worldclim Bioclimatic
73 tmax_3 Maximum temperature March Worldclim Bioclimatic
74 tmax_4 Maximum temperature April Worldclim Bioclimatic
75 tmax_5 Maximum temperature May Worldclim Bioclimatic
76 tmax_6 Maximum temperature June Worldclim Bioclimatic
77 tmax_7 Maximum temperature July Worldclim Bioclimatic
78 tmax_8 Maximum temperature August Worldclim Bioclimatic
79 tmax_9 Maximum temperature September Worldclim Bioclimatic
80 tmean_1 Mean temperarure January Worldclim Bioclimatic
81 tmean_10 Mean temperarure October Worldclim Bioclimatic
82 tmean_11 Mean temperarure November Worldclim Bioclimatic
83 tmean_12 Mean temperarure December Worldclim Bioclimatic
84 tmean_2 Mean temperarure February Worldclim Bioclimatic
85 tmean_3 Mean temperarure March Worldclim Bioclimatic
86 tmean_4 Mean temperarure April Worldclim Bioclimatic
87 tmean_5 Mean temperarure May Worldclim Bioclimatic
88 tmean_6 Mean temperarure June Worldclim Bioclimatic
89 tmean_7 Mean temperarure July Worldclim Bioclimatic
90 tmean_8 Mean temperarure August Worldclim Bioclimatic
91 tmean_9 Mean temperarure September Worldclim Bioclimatic
92 tmin_1 Minimum temperature January Worldclim Bioclimatic
93 tmin_10 Minimum temperature October Worldclim Bioclimatic
94 tmin_11 Minimum temperature November Worldclim Bioclimatic
95 tmin_12 Minimum temperature December Worldclim Bioclimatic
96 tmin_2 Minimum temperature February Worldclim Bioclimatic
97 tmin_3 Minimum temperature March Worldclim Bioclimatic
98 tmin_4 Minimum temperature April Worldclim Bioclimatic
99 tmin_5 Minimum temperature May Worldclim Bioclimatic
100 tmin_6 Minimum temperature June Worldclim Bioclimatic
101 tmin_7 Minimum temperature July Worldclim Bioclimatic
102 tmin_8 Minimum temperature August Worldclim Bioclimatic
103 tmin_9 Minimum temperature September Worldclim Bioclimatic
104 vapr_1 Water vapor pressure January Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
105 vapr_2 Water vapor pressure February Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
106 vapr_3 Water vapor pressure March Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
107 vapr_4 Water vapor pressure April Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
108 vapr_5 Water vapor pressure May Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
109 vapr_6 Water vapor pressure June Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
110 vapr_7 Water vapor pressure July Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
111 vapr_8 Water vapor pressure August Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
112 vapr_9 Water vapor pressure September Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
113 vapr_10 Water vapor pressure October Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
114 vapr_11 Water vapor pressure November Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
115 vapr_12 Water vapor pressure December Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
116 vapr_annual Water vapor pressure Annual Worldclim2 Bioclimatic
117 wind_1 Wind speed January Worldclim2 Geophysic
118 wind_2 Wind speed February Worldclim2 Geophysic
119 wind_3 Wind speed March Worldclim2 Geophysic
120 wind_4 Wind speed April Worldclim2 Geophysic
121 wind_5 Wind speed May Worldclim2 Geophysic
122 wind_6 Wind speed June Worldclim2 Geophysic
123 wind_7 Wind speed July Worldclim2 Geophysic
124 wind_8 Wind speed August Worldclim2 Geophysic
125 wind_9 Wind speed September Worldclim2 Geophysic
126 wind_10 Wind speed October Worldclim2 Geophysic
127 wind_11 Wind speed November Worldclim2 Geophysic
128 wind_12 Wind speed December Worldclim2 Geophysic
129 wind_annual Wind speed Annual Worldclim2 Geophysic
130 srad_1 Solar radiation January Worldclim2 Geophysic
131 srad_2 Solar radiation February Worldclim2 Geophysic
132 srad_3 Solar radiation March Worldclim2 Geophysic
133 srad_4 Solar radiation April Worldclim2 Geophysic
134 srad_5 Solar radiation May Worldclim2 Geophysic
135 srad_6 Solar radiation June Worldclim2 Geophysic
136 srad_7 Solar radiation July Worldclim2 Geophysic
137 srad_8 Solar radiation August Worldclim2 Geophysic
138 srad_9 Solar radiation September Worldclim2 Geophysic
139 srad_10 Solar radiation October Worldclim2 Geophysic
140 srad_11 Solar radiation November Worldclim2 Geophysic
141 srad_12 Solar radiation December Worldclim2 Geophysic
142 srad_annual Solar radiation Annual Worldclim2 Geophysic
143 t_awc1 Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) for h1 – topsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
144 s_awc1 Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) for h1 – subsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
145 t_awc2 Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) for h2 – topsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
146 s_awc2 Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) for h2 – subsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
147 t_awc3 Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) for h3 – topsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
148 s_awc3 Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) for h3 – subsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
149 t_awcts Saturated water content (volumetric fraction) for tS – topsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
150 s_awcts Saturated water content (volumetric fraction) for tS – subsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
151 depth_rock Depth to bedrock (R horizon) up to 200 cm Soilgrids Edaphic
152 r_horizon Probability of occurrence of R horizon Soilgrids Edaphic
153 t_bulk_dens Bulk density (fine earth) in kg / cubic-meter – topsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
154 s_bulk_dens Bulk density (fine earth) in kg / cubic-meter – subsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
155 t_cecsol Cation exchange capacity of soil in cmolc/kg – topsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
156 s_cecsol Cation exchange capacity of soil in cmolc/kg – subsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
157 t_clay_cont Clay content (0-2 micro meter) mass fraction in % – topsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
158 s_clay_cont Clay content (0-2 micro meter) mass fraction in % – subsoil Soilgrids Edaphic
159 t_coarse_frag Coarse fragments volumetric in % Soilgrids Edaphic
160 s_coarse_frag Coarse fragments volumetric in % Soilgrids Edaphic
161 t_oc_dens Soil organic carbon density in kg per cubic-m Soilgrids Edaphic
162 s_oc_dens Soil organic carbon density in kg per cubic-m Soilgrids Edaphic
163 t_oc_stock Soil organic carbon stock in tons per ha Soilgrids Edaphic
164 s_oc_stock Soil organic carbon stock in tons per ha Soilgrids Edaphic
165 t_oc_cont Soil organic carbon content (fine earth fraction) in g per kg Soilgrids Edaphic
166 s_oc_cont Soil organic carbon content (fine earth fraction) in g per kg Soilgrids Edaphic
167 t_ph_hox Soil pH x 10 in H2O Soilgrids Edaphic
168 s_ph_hox Soil pH x 10 in H2O Soilgrids Edaphic
169 t_ph_kcl Soil pH x 10 in KCl Soilgrids Edaphic
170 s_ph_kcl Soil pH x 10 in KCl Soilgrids Edaphic
171 sodicity Sodic soil grade Soilgrids Edaphic
172 t_silt_cont Silt content (2-50 micro meter) mass fraction in % Soilgrids Edaphic
173 s_silt_cont Silt content (2-50 micro meter) mass fraction in % Soilgrids Edaphic
174 t_sand_cont Sand content (50-2000 micro meter) mass fraction in % Soilgrids Edaphic
175 s_sand_cont Sand content (50-2000 micro meter) mass fraction in % Soilgrids Edaphic
176 t_soilwater_cap Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) until wilting point Soilgrids Edaphic
177 s_soilwater_cap Available soil water capacity (volumetric fraction) until wilting point Soilgrids Edaphic

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